Monday, November 23, 2009

Liver Cirrhosis - Meaning and Causes

Today I am going to discuss about the Liver Cirrhosis which is a major and commonly found health problem among people these days. Cirrhosis is found to be the twelfth leading cause of death by disease. The condition affects men slightly more often than women. It is found that 27,000 people die every year due to Cirrhosis. Every person drinking 3 pegs of alcohol a day whether it is wine or beer is going to suffer from Cirrhosis if not immediately then at the later stages of life. Another study revealed that after alcohol it is obesity that is becoming a common cause of Cirrhosis. The chance of Cirrhosis goes up if people are obese and drink regularly. Apart from these we always trouble our liver by junk and harmful food every day. It strains to clean the junk and toxicants every time you eat food. The human never eats according to the dharma of his body. Therefore invites trouble. Our body is made for eating natural foods like fruits and vegetables. The animals never eat against the dharma of their body. Therefore they remain healthy throughout their lives. Out of 85,000 living beings on this Earth, only humans are prone to all kinds of diseases. Have you ever find any animal suffering from Heart Attack, Diabetes, Liver or Kidney failures? Hardly any! I have added a few images of Human Liver (Normal & Abnormal) and of a Goat. If you look at the first image which is of a goat, you can find it so soft and tender. Where as if you look at the other images of human liver you are going to understand what kind of torture we are putting on the poor Liver for loving you so much. I have also added a few very important video links relating to the Human Liver, Cirrhosis and its causes. Please go through them at the end this article for better understanding. Before that let us try to understand what exactly this Cirrhosis is and what are the main causes of Cirrhosis?

What is cirrhosis?

Cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver slowly deteriorates and malfunctions due to chronic injury. Scar tissue replaces healthy liver tissue, partially blocking the flow of blood through the liver. Scarring also impairs the liver’s ability to

  • control infections
  • remove bacteria and toxins from the blood
  • process nutrients, hormones, and drugs
  • make proteins that regulate blood clotting
  • produce bile to help absorb fats—including cholesterol—and fat-soluble vitamins

A healthy liver is able to regenerate most of its own cells when they become damaged. With end-stage cirrhosis, the liver can no longer effectively replace damaged cells. A healthy liver is necessary for survival.

What causes cirrhosis?

Cirrhosis has various causes. In the United States, heavy alcohol consumption and chronic hepatitis C have been the most common causes of cirrhosis. Obesity is becoming a common cause of cirrhosis, either as the sole cause or in combination with alcohol, hepatitis C, or both. Many people with cirrhosis have more than one cause of liver damage.

Cirrhosis is not caused by trauma to the liver or other acute, or short-term, causes of damage. Usually years of chronic injury are required to cause cirrhosis.

Alcohol-related liver disease:

Most people who consume alcohol do not suffer damage to the liver. But heavy alcohol use over several years can cause chronic injury to the liver. The amount of alcohol it takes to damage the liver varies greatly from person to person. For women, consuming two to three drinks—including beer and wine—per day and for men, three to four drinks per day, can lead to liver damage and cirrhosis. In the past, alcohol-related cirrhosis led to more deaths than cirrhosis due to any other cause. Deaths caused by obesity-related cirrhosis are increasing.

Chronic hepatitis C.

The hepatitis C virus is a liver infection that is spread by contact with an infected person’s blood. Chronic hepatitis C causes inflammation and damage to the liver over time that can lead to cirrhosis.

Chronic hepatitis B and D:

The hepatitis B virus is a liver infection that is spread by contact with an infected person’s blood, semen, or other body fluid. Hepatitis B, like hepatitis C, causes liver inflammation and injury that can lead to cirrhosis. The hepatitis B vaccine is given to all infants and many adults to prevent the virus. Hepatitis D is another virus that infects the liver and can lead to cirrhosis, but it occurs only in people who already have hepatitis B.

Non-Alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD):

In NAFLD, fat builds up in the liver and eventually causes cirrhosis. This increasingly common liver disease is associated with obesity, diabetes, protein malnutrition, coronary artery disease, and corticosteroid medications.

Autoimmune hepatitis:

This form of hepatitis is caused by the body’s immune system attacking liver cells and causing inflammation, damage, and eventually cirrhosis. Researchers believe genetic factors may make some people more prone to autoimmune diseases. About 70 percent of those with autoimmune hepatitis are female.

Diseases that damage or destroy bile ducts:

Several different diseases can damage or destroy the ducts that carry bile from the liver, causing bile to back up in the liver and leading to cirrhosis. In adults, the most common condition in this category is primary biliary cirrhosis, a disease in which the bile ducts become inflamed and damaged and, ultimately, disappear. Secondary biliary cirrhosis can happen if the ducts are mistakenly tied off or injured during gallbladder surgery. Primary sclerosing cholangitis is another condition that causes damage and scarring of bile ducts. In infants, damaged bile ducts are commonly caused by Alagille syndrome or biliary atresia, conditions in which the ducts are absent or injured.

Inherited diseases:

Cystic fibrosis, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, hemochromatosis, Wilson disease, galactosemia, and glycogen storage diseases are inherited diseases that interfere with how the liver produces, processes, and stores enzymes, proteins, metals, and other substances the body needs to function properly. Cirrhosis can result from these conditions.

Drugs, toxins, and infections:

Other causes of cirrhosis include drug reactions, prolonged exposure to toxic chemicals, parasitic infections, and repeated bouts of heart failure with liver congestion.

So far you have learned about Cirrhosis and its major causes. In my next updates you are going to learn symptoms and complications of Cirrhosis. Hope you enjoyed and liked the article. Please do not hesitate to write your comments on the blog. It’s going to boost my confidence and encourage me more to come up with more interesting information. Till… then keep watching the space for more updates.


1. Understanding the Liver:

2. Cirrhosis and its Causes:


  1. Loved the information. I hope people pay more attention to their health and living helthy. God gave us this body and our health, but unfortunately most people don't know how to take care of it.

  2. Absolutely Right! We are most concerned about the pleasure of a little tongue at the cost of displeasure to other major organs of our body. Unless we control this little tongue, we cannot gain good health.

  3. great info and pics. made me want to stop my binge drinking! this should be shown to teens at school thank you!

  4. If you could stop drinking,you will definitely prosper in your health and the cause of my blog too be fulfilled.

  5. Thank you so very much for the information, I will do better with my diet. 186 pounds female with Diabete 2 - cirrhosi of the liver stage 4 - Do not drink, had cancer 13 years ago and took Tamoxifen for 5 years. Your blog really helped me. God Bless you.

  6. Cirrhosis though cannot be cured in advanced stages by any form of medicine; by following a natural lifestyle suggested by Dr. M.S. Raju one can prolong the span of life in a healthy and effective manner. Eating healthy and nutritious fruits, vegetables and drinking 5-6 liters of water a day as suggested by Dr. Raju can prevent the infection spread further. I came to know about a lady who was declared to survive for only 3 months by Doctors; lived past 6 years by following Natural lifestyle suggested by Dr. Raju and had recently left her life. She proved that life is a battle at every front and she bravely fought her battle.

  7. This picture is not of Hep B or D, but of cancer

    And animals do get heart, kidney and diabetes issues!

  8. Thank you for your information.

  9. Very interesting web page. I have an inherited condition, called Alpha 1 anti-trypsen difiecency. For the last year, blood tests on my liver, have been showing up and down levels on a particular enzyme. And recently, i was one of the first, in my county/parish, that had a liver doplar scan. It was okay, fast, and slightly amusing to be honest. The doctor put the usual cold jelly on my upper right torso, started moving the scan thing, across, then seconds later, it was if a little thump from it, thumped my skin. i had to struggle hard not to laugh!. At the end, it showed 5.3 level of scarring on my liver. The doc said don't worry, he thought it was minimal, and told me he'd see me in a year!!. It's not only drinking that causes cirrosis. It's people like me, with very rare disorders.

  10. I was hoping to use one of the photos above in a slide presentation. Do you grant permission to reprint your photos? Please let me know what language is to be used, and if there is a cost for this permission. Thank you

    1. Off course you can use these pictures for your presentation. And you don't need to pay anything for that. By the way i did not get what you mean by "what language is to be used?".

  11. Thank you so much. I meant did you want me to use a specific statement to show that you have granted permission, such as "Reprinted with permission from Ram Godar, via"

    1. The article is written in Public interest and I am happy that it is helping someone like you in some manner. You don't have to specify anything.

  12. thats so nice information...plz be continu i loved to read its symtoms complications and treatment also thankx....

  13. Ramgaru please add what all foods damages the liver also to this article, when I send this to some one, they thought just because of alcohol it damages, you did mention there that food also will cause, but can please highlight those foods too. Thanks.

    1. I highlighted on alcohol the most because it is the major cause for cirrhosis. By the way I have taken your advise and will try consider your suggestion in my upcoming posts. Thank you.

  14. thank you very much could you please tell us the treatment for hepatitis B


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