Wednesday, October 28, 2009

In what form the water exists in our body?

As an update to the series of articles on water, today I am about to publish an article about water and its existence in our body in different forms. Though this article is quite lengthy, it’s quite worth reading. Many secrets of human body were being revealed here in this article. Please be patient and go through it.


As discussed in my earlier updates, water occupies 68% of the body. Water exists in different forms of fluids in and around the cells of our body. The water within the cells is called intra-cellular fluid and the water that exists at various parts of the body in different forms of fluids is called extra-cellular fluid. The extra-cellular fluids are mainly of eight types. They are:


1. Plasma:


Blood plasma is the yellow liquid component of blood, in which the blood cells in whole blood would normally be suspended. It makes up about 55% of the total blood volume. It is mostly water (90% by volume) and contains dissolved proteins, glucose, clotting factors, minerals, irons, hormones and carbon dioxide (plasma being the main medium for excretory product transportation). Blood plasma is prepared by spinning a tube of fresh blood in a centrifuge until the blood cells fall to the bottom of the tube. The blood plasma is then poured or drawn off. Blood plasma has a density of approximately 1025 kg/m3, or 1.025 kg/l.


Blood serum is blood plasma without fibrinogen or the other clotting factors (i.e., whole blood minus both the cells and the clotting factors).


Plasmapheresis is a medical therapy that involves blood plasma extraction, treatment, and reintegration.



Fibrinogen is an important protein involved in blood clotting. Albumins and globulins are proteins that aid in the regulation of fluid in and out of the blood vessels. Proteins called gamma globulins act as antibodies and help protect the body against foreign substances, called antigens.



The salts present in plasma include sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, chloride, and bicarbonate. They are involved in many important body functions such as muscle contraction, the transmission of nerve impulses, and regulation of the body's acid-base balance. The remaining substances in plasma include nutrients, hormones, dissolved gases and waste products that are being transported to and from body cells. These materials enter and leave the plasma as blood circulates through the body.


2. Interstitial Fluid or Tissue Fluid:


Interstitial fluid (or tissue fluid) is a solution that bathes and surrounds the cells of multicellular animals. It is the main component of the extracellular fluid, which also includes plasma and transcellular fluid. The interstitial fluid is found in the interstitial spaces, also known as the tissue spaces.


On average, a person has about 11 litres (2.4 imperial gallons) of interstitial fluid, providing the cells of the body with nutrients and a means of waste removal.


Plasma and interstitial fluid are very similar. Plasma, the major component in blood, communicates freely with interstitial fluid through pores and intercellular clefts in capillary endothelium.


Interstitial fluid consists of a water solvent containing amino acids, sugars, fatty acids, coenzymes, hormones, neurotransmitters, salts, as well as waste products from the cells.


The composition of tissue fluid depends upon the exchanges between the cells in the biological tissue and the blood. This means that tissue fluid has a different composition in different tissues and in different areas of the body.


Not all of the contents of the blood pass into the tissue, which means that tissue fluid and blood are not the same. Red blood cells, platelets, and plasma proteins cannot pass through the walls of the capillaries. The resulting mixture that does pass through is, in essence, blood plasma without the plasma proteins. Tissue fluid also contains some types of white blood cell, which help combat infection.


Lymph is considered a part of the interstitial fluid. The lymphatic system returns protein and excess interstitial fluid to the circulation.


3. Cerebrospinal fluid:


Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), Liquor cerebrospinalis, is a clear bodily fluid that occupies the subarachnoid space and the ventricular system around and inside the brain. In essence, the brain "floats" in it.


The CSF occupies the space between the arachnoid mater (the middle layer of the brain cover, meninges), and the pia mater (the layer of the meninges closest to the brain). It constitutes the content of all intra-cerebral (inside the brain, cerebrum) ventricles, cisterns, and sulci (singular sulcus), as well as the central canal of the spinal cord.


It acts as a "cushion" or buffer for the cortex, providing a basic mechanical and immunological protection to the brain inside the skull.


CSF has many putative roles, including mechanical protection of the brain, distribution of neuron endocrine factors, and prevention of brain ischemia. The actual mass of the human brain is about 1400 grams; however the net weight of the brain suspended in the CSF is equivalent to a mass of 25 grams. The prevention of brain ischemia is made by decreasing the amount of CSF in the limited space inside the skull. This decreases total intracranial pressure and facilitates blood perfusion. It also cushions the spinal cord against jarring shock.


4. Serous Fluid:



In physiology, the term serous fluid is used for various bodily fluids that are typically pale yellow and transparent, and of a benign nature, that fill the inside of body cavities.


Saliva consists of mucus and serous fluid; the serous fluid contains the enzyme amylase important for the digestion of carbohydrates. Minor salivary glands of von Ebner present on the tongue secrete the amylase. The parotid gland produces purely serous saliva. The other major salivary glands produce mixed (serous and mucus) saliva.


Another type of serous fluid is secreted by the serous membranes (or serosa), two layered membranes which line the body cavities. The serous fluid between the two layers acts as a lubricant and reduces friction from muscle movement. Cytopathologic evaluation is recommended to evaluate the causes of fluid accumulation which include involvement of the cavity by cancer.


A common trait of serous fluids is their role in assisting digestion, excretion, and respiration.


5. Peritoneal Fluid:


Peritoneal fluid is a liquid that is made in the abdominal cavity to lubricate the surface of the tissue that lines the abdominal wall and pelvic cavity and covers most of the organs in the abdomen.


6. Synovial Fluid:



Synovial fluid is a thick, stringy fluid found in the cavities of synovial joints. With its yolk-like consistency ("synovial" partially derives from ovum, Latin for egg), synovial fluid reduces friction between the articular cartilage and other tissues in joints to lubricate and cushion them during movement.


The inner membrane of synovial joints is called the synovial membrane and secretes synovial fluid into the joint cavity. This fluid forms a thin layer (roughly 50 μm) at the surface of cartilage and also seeps into microcavities and irregularities in the articular cartilage surface, filling all empty space. The fluid in articular cartilage effectively serves as a synovial fluid reserve. During movement, the synovial fluid held in the cartilage is squeezed out mechanically to maintain a layer of fluid on the cartilage surface (so-called weeping lubrication).


Synovial tissue is composed of vascularized connective tissue that lacks a basement membrane. Two cells type (type A and type B) are present: Type B produce synovial fluid. Synovial fluid is made of hyaluronic acid and lubricin, proteinases, and collagenases. Synovial fluid exhibits non-Newtonian flow characteristics. The viscosity coefficient is not a constant, the fluid is not linearly viscous, and its viscosity increases as the shear rate decreases.


Normal synovial fluid contains 3-4 mg/ml hyaluronan (hyaluronic acid), a polymer of disaccharides composed of D-glucuronic acid and D-N-acetyl glucosamine joined by alternating beta-1,4 and beta-1,3 glycosidic bonds. Hyaluronan is synthesized by the synovial membrane and secreted into the joint cavity to increase the viscosity and elasticity of articular cartilages and lubricate the surfaces between synovium and cartilage.


Synovial fluid contains lubricin secreted by synovial cells. It is chiefly responsible for so-called boundary-layer lubrication, which reduces friction between opposing surfaces of cartilage. There is also some evidence that it helps regulate synovial cell growth.


Its functions are reducing friction by lubricating the joint, absorbing shocks, and supplying oxygen and nutrients to and removing carbon dioxide and metabolic wastes from the chondrocytes within articular cartilage.


It also contains phagocytic cells that remove microbes and the debris that results from normal wear and tear in the joint.


7. Gastric Digestive Juices:



Gastric juice is a strong acidic liquid, pH 1 to 3 in humans, which is close to being colourless. The hormone gastrin is released into the bloodstream when peptides are detected in the stomach. This causes gastric glands in the lining of the stomach to secrete gastric juice. Its main components are digestive enzymes pepsin and rennin (rennin found in cows and babies), hydrochloric acid, and mucus.


8. Urine:


Urine is a liquid waste product of the body secreted by the kidneys by a process of filtration from blood called urination and excreted through the urethra. Cellular metabolism generates numerous waste compounds, many rich in nitrogen that require elimination from the bloodstream. This waste is eventually expelled from the body in a process known as micturition, the primary method for excreting water-soluble chemicals from the body. These chemicals can be detected and analyzed by urinalysis. Amniotic fluid is closely related to urine, and can be analyzed by amniocentesis.


Urine is a transparent solution that can range from colorless to amber but is usually a pale yellow. Urine is an aqueous solution of approximately 95% water, with the remaining percentages being metabolic wastes such as urea, dissolved salts, and organic compounds. Fluid and materials being filtered by the kidneys, destined to become urine, come from the blood or interstitial fluid.


Except in cases of kidney or urinary tract infection (UTI), urine is virtually sterile and nearly odorless. Subsequent to elimination from the body, urine can acquire strong odors due to bacterial action. Most noticeably, the asphyxiating ammonia is produced by breakdown of urea. Some diseases alter the quantity and consistency of the urine, such as sugar as a consequence of diabetes.


By now you might have clearly understood how important the water is for our body. Many of us ignore the importance of water. If the body has to get full benefits of eating highly expensive and large volumes of food, one has to drink adequate amount of water. The present generation people are giving less importance to water and more importance to food; which is the reason for increasing rate of diseases. According to Famous Naturalist Dr. Mantena Satyanarayana Raju if the food intake is reduced by 50% of what we eat, we can work more vigorously and put in more hours of work. However, it is possible only when we maintain the adequate ratio of water in our body. Dr. Raju not only experimented on himself but also on hundreds of other people. He observed more energy and ability in all the men even when they put in extra hours of labour. They were never tired nor felt uneasy. Unless we experience it for ourselves we never understand the pleasure and benefits of consuming more water.


Keep watching the space for more updates on the essence of water.


Wednesday, October 14, 2009

A Thought on Health

I have been following Dr. Mantena Satyanarayana Raju’s “Natural Ways of Living” for the past 9 and odd months. Since then plenty of changes occurred in my body. I miraculously lost 22 kilos of weight in a span of 9 months. The beginning 4 months were not very encouraging. I hardly shed 400 gms of weight during this period. Once I lost 5 Kilos of weight, there was no looking back for me. When I last checked my weight a fortnight ago, I was standing 68 Kilos. Today I feel that I am at the peak of my health. I haven’t fallen sick during these 9 months of following the Natural Ways of Living. I neither took medicines or been to the doctor during this period. My resistance power has increased tremendously. Earlier, I used to keep a strip or two of migraine and pain killer tablets in my desk. But today I am leading a medicine free life. Contrary to my opinion, people around me find me weak and feeble. Over the past couple of months I have been flurried with questions relating to my health. “Are You Alright? Is everything Ok with you? Any issue with your health?” all these sort of questions were being asked. The list of people asking all these queries is increasing everyday.


It all began 3 months ago. My mother was the first one to comment. She looked around my collar and said, “Hey stop it over here now. No more Natural Ways of Living. Your clavical bones are visible now. You are getting weak”. I smiled at her and assured that everything is fine with my health. At that point of time I hadn’t realized that was only the beginning. Then come the turn of our neighbours. People started wondering about my health and started murmuring as and when they see me. Next was the turn of my in-laws. My father-in-law looks a worried man these days. He feels the effect of entire recession is showing on me. Like wise, many friends, relatives, colleagues and other known people around me have their own reasons to worry about my reducing weight. Some relate it to serious health issue, some to the recession effect and some relate it to family tensions. Believe me! No day has gone for me in the recent past without I am being asked about my health.


When I was gaining weight at a rapid pace and losing health, no one was concerned about me. But today, when I gained total health by losing the excess weight every passerby is seemed to be worried about my health. How can I explain them? A good health is a state or condition which can be felt and experienced but cannot be explained. Many people suggest me not to follow any more diet routine as I might get weaker. Some people cry “What’s the need to follow Dr. Mantena Satyanarayana Raju’s hard path of living? Why am I doing at this small age of 32? This is the right age to eat and enjoy as one cannot enjoy anyway after getting old.” But none of them realize that they cannot enjoy the future if there is no food discipline today. I accepted Dr. Raju’s path of Natural Ways of Living because I foresaw my future which others don’t. I don’t want to live for about 100 years. Whether I live for 40 years or 100 years it doesn’t matter. What matters the most is how I live. Whatever is the span of life I have got, I want to live healthy and happy free of diseases and ill health.


Food discipline is quite essential for every human being to stay fit and healthy. People who follow food discipline can be compared to Military Soldiers and those who do not follow food discipline can be compared to Police people. Military soldiers remain fit and slim not only during their training period but also rest of their life. On the other hand, police people follow food discipline only during their training period. Once they get posted to their jobs, all their food discipline goes to trash. Therefore they grow fat and obese. They cannot chase a thief where as the Military people fight heavily armed terrorists. We don’t find a single military soldier fat and obese like a police man. The main reason is food discipline. No matter how many hours you exercise, food discipline is must. One cannot stay fit unless he follows a disciplined metabolic activity. Now let me explain what a disciplined food is. First of all we need to understand what our body needs and what are we providing it. Secondly how much does our body need and how much are we providing it. Thirdly are we providing the needs of the body in a right way?


Our body needs a balanced diet which is classified into five major groups such as Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, Vitamins, Minerals and Water. There is certain ratio of eating these things. Most of the times we eat what our little tongue dictates. We prefer the taste rather than the nutritional value of food we eat. We must control the tongue; rather the tongue is controlling us. We must realize that we are not eating only for the satisfaction of little tongue but for the benefit of entire body and its organs. One who dictates the tongue always lives healthy and hassle free life.


For people who earn their livelihood by standing or sitting work needs 2400 calories a day and for people who earn their livelihood by hard work needs 3800 to 4000 calories a day. But many of us eat more calories and burn less. Anything that is eaten excess is stored by fat cells in their reservoir causing obesity.


How we eat is also essential to live healthy. Many people eat less and eat plenty of times. This is not a healthy sign. The lesser number of times we eat, the better for health. According to our great ancient saints “Eka Bhukte Sada Yogi…Dwi Bhukte Sada Bhogi…Thri Bhukte Sada Rogi…” which mean “People who eat once a day are like Yogi blessed with good health. Those who eat twice a day are like bhogi blessed with all offerings. Those who eat thrice a day are like Rogi blessed with diseases and ill health. The fast food culture is creating serious health hazards to the people. Decide how many times you want to eat whether 1, 2 or 3 times. Eat enough during those times and never use your mouth in between for eating. Only then you are going to remain healthy. The reason is that every time we eat, our body releases digestive gases to digest the food. Everyday it releases 2 litres of gases to digest our food. If we eat in small quantities the gas burns the inner layer of our stomach giving intolerable pain which we call it an Acidity problem since the quantity of gas released is higher than the food we eat.


Many people feel that I lost weight by skipping food which is not the fact. I am eating that food which is less in calories and more in Proteins, vitamins, minerals and other enzymes. Today I am at the peak of my health; thanks to Dr. Mantena Satyanarayana Raju and Baba Ramdev. The secret of my good health is Dr. Raju’s diet plan and Ramdev Baba’s yoga for 2 hours a day. Both these great men are doing the same kind of service to the people in their own ways. Though the ways are different, the purpose is one and the same – to create a healthy and happy India and ultimately the happy world. Millions of people across the globe are getting benefited by the preaching and teachings of these two greats.

Monday, October 5, 2009

The Ratio of Water and Matter in our Body



Like Earth, our Food consists of two thirds of Water and one third of Matter. In many Foods, Water content is high. Most people do not realize that Water is more important than Food. How many of us maintain the Water and Food ratio of 2:1 every day in our body? Many of us hardly drink 1 litre of Water a day and eat around 2 kilos of Food through out the day which is quite against the dharma or nature of our body.


As our body exerts Water and Matter gets depleted everyday, they have to be replenished every day. As and when our Water level decreases it demands Water through thirst. But most people drink Cool Drinks, Sodas and Juices to quench their thirst. Unfortunately most people do not know that Cool Drinks, Sodas and Juices are the Food contents with large percentage of Water. When we feel hungry do we supply water instead of food? No! Similarly, we must understand the dharma of our body and supply only what the body demands. Hence, when you feel thirsty always supply Water and not the Food like Cool Drinks, Sodas and Juices which is against the dharma of our body.


The same mistake we commit with regards to Food. The Food that our body needs and that we supply is entirely different. A better coordination between supply and demand keeps the body in our control. But unfortunately, we supply what we wish rather what our body needs. It is time we listen to the dictates of the body. It is the Water which is responsible for two thirds of the activity in our body. Water is the Manna of health. The supply of all important Water to the body helps perform its duties perfectly maintaining a good health. There is no harm to the body even if we skip Food once in a day. The Food that is stored in our body in the form of fats comes handy when we skip Food. But the case is quite opposite with Water. If we do not drink water for some time or for a whole day it triggers serious trouble inside our body. Unlike food, skipping water is quite unhealthy. Water is beneficial only supplied when the body needs. When we refill food when felt hungry why not we supply water when felt thirsty?


This wonderful information is extracted from the book “Water and You” written by famous Naturo Therapist Dr. Mantena Satyanarayana Raju of Andhra Pradesh, India. As promised earlier, I will be coming with more information on the importance of drinking water to our body. So catch up all the updates without a miss………

Sunday, October 4, 2009

The Man - Air, Water and Matter



The Man is closely associated with Nature. As a matter of fact, the human cannot survive without Nature. He needs the five elements of Nature like, Air, Water, Earth, Space and Fire to survive. Among all, Air occupies the prime importance for all the living beings. Water occupies the second place in the Nature for survival of the living beings. Earth/Matter/Food occupies the third place of importance followed by Space and Fire. We cannot survive a few minutes without Air. We need to inhale oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide for our survival. Breathing Air is involuntarily done as a part of our metabolic activity. It is not in our control, thanks to the Creator. If breathing of Air, was left to the humans, Air would also had been priced and sold like other elements of nature. Billions of people would have died immediately after birth unable to buy the valuable Air. It’s really hard to imagine the price of Air if it would have been left to the control of human. After Air it is the Water which occupies the utmost importance to living beings. Unlike Air, we can survive a few days in the absence of Water. But, if we stop drinking water we cannot survive beyond a few days. The third important need for any living being is food or matter. In the absence of food we can survive beyond a month or so. But beyond a month or so one cannot survive in the absence of food. Air, Water and Matter are the three basic needs for the survival of living beings. Space and Fire are the other two factors required to survive longer. If there is no space or vaccum in our body, the above three elements cannot be stored in our body. If they cannot be stored in our body then we cannot generate the Fire or Energy to work. If we do not work, we cannot earn our livelihood which is again very essential to survive. All these five elements function in a chain for our survival. If all the above five elements in our body are supplied to the body in right proportion man can survive for more than 200 to 300 hundred years. Any imbalance in the above 5 Elements of Nature might lead to diseases and ill health thus causing problems to our body. Our ancient Saints, Sages and Yogis who knew this secret lived for hundreds of years.


If you look at the creation of Nature, the Air occupies large percentage of Earth. Our atmosphere is fully surrounded by Air. The Air in our atmosphere is made up of molecules of different gases in particular Nitrogen which occupies 78% of Air and Oxygen which occupies 21% of Air and the rest of 1% is occupied by other types of molecules. Air is important for almost all the life on earth including plants and animals. Plants need gases from Air for photosynthesis where as men and animals need Oxygen to breath for survival. Air in the form of oxygen is present everywhere in our body from our hair to our foot nails. It is present in each and every cell of our body. Without oxygen no part of our body is going to function. It gives life to a living being. Any living being is considered alive as long as he has oxygen in the body. Such is the importance of Air in our body. Thankfully, inhale and exhale of Air in our body is done involuntarily without our intervention. Moreover, we need not buy oxygen. It is available free of cost in the Nature. But it cannot be said in future. Man is digging his own graveyard by cutting forests in the wake of development of the civilization. I have great concerns for the future generations to come. I am afraid they might need the artificial oxygen for living which comes with a price tag. If the trees are cut at this pace, there is every possibility of my concern becoming the truth.


After Air, Water Occupies most parts of the Earth. Water is a chemical substance with a combination of Hydrogen and Oxygen. One molecule of water contains two atoms of hydrogen bonded with single Oxygen atom. Water occupies second place in our body too. In the past just like Air, Water was also available free of cost. With the advent of civilization and man drifting away from nature, he drifted the river water towards him with mind, money and labour. Earlier the man like animals used to go to the rivers, lakes and ponds for drinking the water. But today, he is getting water at his door steps by diverting rivers. This has cost him to pay for the water. When it comes to our body, 68% of our body is occupied by Water in different forms of fluids. Water carries blood to all parts of our body. It excretes all the waste and unwanted things from our body either in the form of sweat or urine. Our body excretes 2 litres of water every day as a part of our metabolic activity to keep itself clean and healthy. As said before, it might be either by sweat or urine. It is commonly noticed that we pass more urine in rainy and winter season than summer. The reason is very simple. Our body temperature falls very low during winter and it cannot produce heat to sweat it out unless you really work hard. But it has to excrete the waste that has been sent in by us in the form of food and water. Therefore, it excretes this waste through urine. Similarly, during summer the body temperature rises and the water is excreted in the form of sweat even if you sit idle without any work. You hardly get urine during summer season because all your water is being excreted through sweat. Our body has such an automated mechanism that it does not tolerate any waste inside it. It immediately tries to send it out of the world. Weather it may be summer or winter you need to drink enough water to refill this excreted levels of water in your body. Many might not drink even a glass of water during rainy and winter days fearing of going to urinals often. In fact you need to drink more water during rainy and winter days because it is during this season more germs and bacteria intrude our body. Only by drinking more water the intruders can be thrown out of our body.


After Water, it is food that occupies the more space on Earth in the form of plants, fruits and seeds. Similarly, food is third important need of our body. Unlike Air and Water it is not easy to gain. Every living being has to strive hard to gain food because it is neither available free of cost like Air nor as cheap as Water. One has to work really hard to gain food for survival. Though it is not as important as Air and water but man has to really sweat it out to gain food. Animals usually go miles to earn their food. Unlike animals, the Man has gained intelligence along with evolution. With this intelligence he learned to generate food nearby him without moving miles in search of it. Development of human intelligence has lead to the development of Science and Technology creating more comforts for man towards earning his food. Though the development of Science and Technology has done wonders for human beings but it has come with certain side effects too. Technology has made man more dependent on machines resulting in health hazards.


If all the three elements of nature are appropriately provided to the body in required proportions, there is every possibility of man living healthy through out his life without diseases and health hazards. The dharma of our body is to provide more water and less food to the body. Unfortunately, many of us give more importance to food than water. We hardly drink a couple of glasses of water but eat kilos and kilos of food. How much water is actually required for the body per day? What is the procedure of drinking water? When to drink the water? When not to drink water? You are going to find answer for all these questions by Dr. Mantena Satyanarayana Raju in updates to come. So… keep watching the space for regular updates….
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